Znacenje tagova: CAM; R5; DVDrip, DVDsrc...

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Znacenje tagova: CAM; R5; DVDrip, DVDsrc...

Počalji od Kimi taj Ned 3 Feb 2008 - 2:27

All About Movie Tags (what Is A Dvdrip, Cam Etc.)


CAM -


A cam is a theater rip usually done with a digital video camera. A mini
tripod is sometimes used, but a lot of the time this wont be possible,
so the camera make shake. Also seating placement isn't always idle, and
it might be filmed from an angle. If cropped properly, this is hard to
tell unless there's text on the screen, but a lot of times these are
left with triangular borders on the top and bottom of the screen. Sound
is taken from the onboard microphone of the camera, and especially in
comedies, laughter can often be heard during the film. Due to these
factors picture and sound quality are usually quite poor, but sometimes
we're lucky, and the theater will be fairly empty and a fairly clear
signal will be heard.
TELESYNC (TS) -


A
telesync is the same spec as a CAM except it uses an external audio
source (most likely an audio jack in the chair for hard of hearing
people). A direct audio source does not ensure a good quality audio
source, as a lot of background noise can interfere. A lot of the times
a telesync is filmed in an empty cinema or from the projection booth
with a professional camera, giving a better picture quality. Quality
ranges drastically, check the sample before downloading the full
release. A high percentage of Telesyncs are CAMs that have been
mislabeled.
TELECINE (TC) -


A
telecine machine copies the film digitally from the reels. Sound and
picture should be very good, but due to the equipment involved and cost
telecines are fairly uncommon. Generally the film will be in correct
aspect ratio, although 4:3 telecines have existed. A great example is
the JURASSIC PARK 3 TC done last year. TC should not be confused with
TimeCode , which is a visible counter on screen throughout the film.
SCREENER (SCR) -


A
pre VHS tape, sent to rental stores, and various other places for
promotional use. A screener is supplied on a VHS tape, and is usually
in a 4:3 (full screen) a/r, although letterboxed screeners are
sometimes found. The main draw back is a "ticker" (a message that
scrolls past at the bottom of the screen, with the copyright and
anti-copy telephone number). Also, if the tape contains any serial
numbers, or any other markings that could lead to the source of the
tape, these will have to be blocked, usually with a black mark over the
section. This is sometimes only for a few seconds, but unfortunately on
some copies this will last for the entire film, and some can be quite
big. Depending on the equipment used, screener quality can range from
excellent if done from a MASTER copy, to very poor if done on an old
VHS recorder thru poor capture equipment on a copied tape. Most
screeners are transferred to VCD, but a few attempts at SVCD have
occurred, some looking better than others.



DVD-SCREENER (DVDscr) -


Same
premise as a screener, but transferred off a DVD. Usually letterbox ,
but without the extras that a DVD retail would contain. The ticker is
not usually in the black bars, and will disrupt the viewing. If the
ripper has any skill, a DVDscr should be very good. Usually transferred
to SVCD or DivX/XviD.
DVDRip -


A
copy of the final released DVD. If possible this is released PRE retail
(for example, Star Wars episode 2) again, should be excellent quality.
DVDrips are released in SVCD and DivX/XviD.
VHSRip -


Transferred off a retail VHS, mainly skating/sports videos and XXX releases.
TVRip -


TV
episode that is either from Network (capped using digital
cable/satellite boxes are preferable) or PRE-AIR from satellite feeds
sending the program around to networks a few days earlier (do not
contain "dogs" but sometimes have flickers etc) Some programs such as
WWF Raw Is War contain extra parts, and the "dark matches" and
camera/commentary tests are included on the rips. PDTV is capped from a
digital TV PCI card, generally giving the best results, and groups tend
to release in SVCD for these. VCD/SVCD/DivX/XviD rips are all supported
by the TV scene.
WORKPRINT (WP) -


A
workprint is a copy of the film that has not been finished. It can be
missing scenes, music, and quality can range from excellent to very
poor. Some WPs are very different from the final print (Men In Black is
missing all the aliens, and has actors in their places) and others can
contain extra scenes (Jay and Silent Bob) . WPs can be nice additions
to the collection once a good quality final has been obtained.


DivX Re-Enc -


A
DivX re-enc is a film that has been taken from its original VCD source,
and re-encoded into a small DivX file. Most commonly found on file
sharers, these are usually labeled something like Film.Name.Group(1of2)
etc. Common groups are SMR and TND. These aren't really worth
downloading, unless you're that unsure about a film u only want a 200mb
copy of it. Generally avoid.
Watermarks -


A
lot of films come from Asian Silvers/PDVD (see below) and these are
tagged by the people responsible. Usually with a letter/initials or a
little logo, generally in one of the corners. Most famous are the "Z"
"A" and "Globe" watermarks.
Asian Silvers / PDVD -


These
are films put out by eastern bootleggers, and these are usually bought
by some groups to put out as their own. Silvers are very cheap and
easily available in a lot of countries, and its easy to put out a
release, which is why there are so many in the scene at the moment,
mainly from smaller groups who don't last more than a few releases.
PDVDs are the same thing pressed onto a DVD. They have removable
subtitles, and the quality is usually better than the silvers. These
are ripped like a normal DVD, but usually released as VCD.

Formats :


VCD -


VCD
is an mpeg1 based format, with a constant bitrate of 1150kbit at a
resolution of 352x240 (NTCS). VCDs are generally used for lower quality
transfers (CAM/TS/TC/Screener(VHS)/TVrip(analogue) in order to make
smaller file sizes, and fit as much on a single disc as possible. Both
VCDs and SVCDs are timed in minutes, rather than MB, so when looking at
an mpeg, it may appear larger than the disc capacity, and in reality u
can fit 74min on a CDR74.
SVCD -


SVCD
is an mpeg2 based (same as DVD) which allows variable bit-rates of up
to 2500kbits at a resolution of 480x480 (NTSC) which is then
decompressed into a 4:3 aspect ratio when played back. Due to the
variable bit-rate, the length you can fit on a single CDR is not fixed,
but generally between 35-60 Mins are the most common. To get a better
SVCD encode using variable bit-rates, it is important to use multiple
"passes". this takes a lot longer, but the results are far clearer.
XVCD/XSVCD -


These
are basically VCD/SVCD that don't obey the "rules". They are both
capable of much higher resolutions and bit-rates, but it all depends on
the player to whether the disc can be played. X(S)VCD are total
non-standards, and are usually for home-ripping by people who don't
intend to release them.
KVCD Thanks for lardo4life for the info


KVCD
is a modification to the standard MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 GOP structure and
Quantization Matrix. It enables you to create over 120 minutes of near
DVD quality video, depending on your material, on a single 80 minute
CD-R/CD-RW. We have published these specifications as KVCDx3, our
official resolution, which produce 528x480 (NTSC) and 528x576 (PAL)
MPEG-1 variable bit rate video, from 64Kbps to 3,000Kbps. Using a
resolution of 352x240 (NTSC) or 352x288 (PAL), it's possible to encode
video up to ~360 minutes of near VCD quality on a single 80 minute
CD-R. The mpeg files created will play back in most modern standalone
DVD players. You must burn the KVCD MPEG files as non-standard VCD or
non-standard SVCD (depends on your player) with Nero or VCDEasy.
Our Recommendations:




DivX / XviD -


DivX is a format
designed for multimedia platforms. It uses two codecs, one low motion,
one high motion. most older films were encoded in low motion only, and
they have problems with high motion too. A method known as SBC (Smart
Bit-rate Control) was developed which switches codecs at the encoding
stage, making a much better print. The format is Ana orphic and the
bit-rate/resolution are interchangeable. Due to the higher processing
power required, and the different codecs for playback, its unlikely
we'll see a DVD player capable of play DivX for quite a while, if at
all. There have been players in development which are supposedly
capable, but nothing has ever arisen. The majority of PROPER DivX rips
(not Re-Encs) are taken from DVDs, and generally up to 2hours in good
quality is possible per disc. Various codecs exist, most popular being
the original Divx3.11a and the new XviD codecs.
CVD -


CVD
is a combination of VCD and SVCD formats, and is generally supported by
a majority of DVD players. It supports MPEG2 bit-rates of SVCD, but
uses a resolution of 352x480(ntsc) as the horizontal resolution is
generally less important. Currently no groups release in CVD.
DVD-R -


Is
the recordable DVD solution that seems to be the most popular (out of
DVD-RAM, DVD-R and DVD+R). it holds 4.7gb of data per side, and double
sided discs are available, so discs can hold nearly 10gb in some
circumstances. SVCD mpeg2 images must be converted before they can be
burnt to DVD-R and played successfully. DVD>DVDR copies are
possible, but sometimes extras/languages have to be removed to stick
within the available 4.7gb.
MiniDVD -


MiniDVD/cDVD
is the same format as DVD but on a standard CDR/CDRW. Because of the
high resolution/bit-rates, its only possible to fit about 18-21 mins of
footage per disc, and the format is only compatible with a few players.
Misc Info :


Regional Coding -


This
was designed to stop people buying American DVDs and watching them
earlier in other countries, or for older films where world distribution
is handled by different companies. A lot of players can either be
hacked with a chip, or via a remote to disable this.
RCE -


RCE
(Regional Coding Enhancement) was designed to overcome "Multiregion"
players, but it had a lot of faults and was overcome. Very few titles
are RCE encoded now, and it was very unpopular.
Macrovision -


Macrovision
is the copy protection employed on most commercial DVDs. Its a system
that will display lines and darken the images of copies that are made
by sending the VHS signals it can't understand. Certain DVD players
(for example the Dansai 852 from Tescos) have a secret menu where you
can disable the macrovision, or a "video stabaliser" costs about 30UKP
from Maplin (www.maplin.co.uk)
NTSC/PAL -


NTSC
and PAL are the two main standards used across the world. NTSC has a
higher frame rate than pal (29fps compared to 25fps) but PAL has an
increased resolution, and gives off a generally sharper picture.
Playing NTSC discs on PAL systems seems a lot easier than vice-versa,
which is good news for the Brits An RGB enabled scart lead will play an
NTSC picture in full colour on most modern tv sets, but to record this
to a VHS tape, you will need to convert it to PAL50 (not PAL60 as the
majority of DVD players do.) This is either achieved by an expensive
converter box (in the regions of £200+) an onboard converter (such as
the Dansai 852 / certain Daewoos / Samsung 709 ) or using a World
Standards VCR which can record in any format.
About Release Files :


RARset -


The movies are all supplied in RAR form, whether its v2 (rar>.rxx) or v3 (part01.rar > partxx.rar) form.
BIN/CUE -


VCD
and SVCD films will extract to give a BIN/CUE. Load the .CUE into
notepad and make sure the first line contains only a filename, and no
path information. Then load the cue into Nero/CDRWin etc and this will
burn the VCD/SVCD correctly. TV rips are released as MPEG. DivX files
are just the plain DivX - .AVI
NFO -


An
NFO file is supplied with each movie to promote the group, and give
general iNFOrmation about the release, such as format, source, size,
and any notes that may be of use. They are also used to recruit members
and acquire hardware for the group.
SFV -


Also
supplied for each disc is an SFV file. These are mainly used on site
level to check each file has been uploaded correctly, but are also
handy for people downloading to check they have all the files, and the
CRC is correct. A program such as pdSFV or hkSFV is required to use
these files.

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Re: Znacenje tagova: CAM; R5; DVDrip, DVDsrc...

Počalji od >click:\_ taj Ned 3 Feb 2008 - 14:17

Konacno ne moram vise ljudima da objasnjavam, sad ih jednostavno samo posaljem ovde da procitaju Smile

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